Complex Aircraft Endorsement


  • Possess any fixed wing certificate.
  • Be able to speak, read, write and understand the English Language.
  • Be a U.S. citizen or apply through AFSP for foreign pilots.
  • Complete training with an authorized flight instructor

Complex Airplane Endorsement:

  • No required minimum amount of flight instruction.
  • Train to proficiency in operation knowledge of complex aircraft systems.


A complex aircraft endorsement allows you to operate aircraft that have flaps, a constant speed propeller, and retractable landing gear.
You can keep your license current in one of two ways. You can add another certificate or rating or, alternatively, you can take a biennial flight review (once every 24 calendar months) with an authorized flight instructor.
Your training will involve a certain amount of dual flight instruction with an authorized instructor as well as a certain amount of ground instruction. You will become proficient in operating all of the systems of a complex aircraft. You will also become knowledgeable in normal and abnormal operations of those systems.
Vermont Flight Academy uses a Piper PA-28 Arrow for complex aircraft training.