Instrument Rating


  • Possess a valid FAA Private or Commercial Certificate with an Airplane category and a Single-Engine Land class rating.
  • Possess at least an FAA Third Class Medical Certificate
  • Be able to speak, read, write and understand the English Language.
  • Be a U.S. citizen or apply through AFSP for foreign pilots.
  • Pass the required knowledge test with a minimum score of 70%
  • Pass the required practical test with an FAA Designated Examiner

Instrument Rating:

  • Requires 50 hours of cross country flight time as pilot in command, of which 10 hours must have been in an airplane.
  • Also, 40 hours of actual or simulated instrument time, of which 15 hours must be from an authorized instructor.
  • No more than 20 hours of instrument time may be in a full flight simulator.
  • Complete an IFR cross-country flight of at least 250 nautical miles on airways or ATC routing with a minimum of three different types of instrument approaches.


You need to be at least 17 years old.
There are many variables that affect how quickly one earns their Instrument Rating. For example, bad weather on a day you are scheduled to fly may cancel a flight. Generally, if a student studies the material and flies frequently, he or she will complete training in the shortest amount of time.
With an Instrument Rating you are able to fly in IFR (Instrument Flight Rules) conditions. It will increase your safety knowing how to fly using instruments / non visual aids. It will also prepare you to handle any change in the weather.
You can keep your Instrument Rating current in one of two ways. (1) You can perform at least six instrument approaches; perform holding procedures; and intercepting and tracking courses through the use of navigation systems every six months. (2) Alternatively, you can take an instrument proficiency check with an authorized instructor.
Training for the instrument training will involve a lot of flying by reference to instruments.  Some of this can be accomplished in one of our flight training devices.  In the aircraft, you will be doing a lot of flying “under the hood”, meaning using a view limiting device, which confines your field of view to only the flight instruments.  Some of your training also may be in “actual” IFR conditions.